Planning the floor plan for a house construction

Detail of a floor plan drawing

Building a house requires thorough planning. The floor plan plays an important role. It determines the appearance and structure of your house. Adapt the house floor plan to your personal needs and preferences to ensure you feel perfectly comfortable in your new home. But pay attention to special requirements for the floor plan too when designing plans for your house. We will look at these in more detail later. 

How do I create a floor plan?

A large bathroom, an open-plan kitchen, a cosy bedroom and a spacious nursery – when you picture your dream home, you know exactly how you want to design it. As well aesthetics, pay attention to all the other important aspects involved in planning the floor plan for your house. This includes the structural analysis, the orientation and size of the rooms, as well as the correct positioning of doors, windows and walls. 

Gathering inspiration

Would you like to draw up the floor plan yourself? If this will be your first own home, designing a floor plan is probably not something you have tackled before. In this case, it is useful to start by looking at a few examples to see how floor plans for other houses have been designed. This will help you prepare for when the time comes to create your own floor plan. 

To guide you with the next steps in planning your home, you could look at the floor plan for the apartment or house you are currently renting. It is a good idea to look at different house floor plans and think about what details you like and what you like less about the floor plan of your current home - and why. This will help you gather useful ideas that you can incorporate in your personal planing. 

Viewing the floor plan

Viewing the floor plan for a house

If you would like to see an impression of how your dream house will look later, you can view your house plan. For a first draft, all you need is graph paper, a pencil and a ruler. For a more professional result, you can use a special tool to create your floor plan. This often very intuitive software will guide you through the process of designing a scale floor plan of your house in just a few steps. 

What are the basic components of house floor plans?

Legal and technical specifications impose certain limits on a floor plan. If a development plan exists for your house, this will specify aspects including alignment and external borders of the building. It will also define the direction of the roof ridge, the roof pitch and the number of storeys. You can then specify the general orientation of the house and outer limits of the house floor plan in advance. 

Requirements for a floor plan

When designing the floor plan for your home, you need to include all doors and windows, complete with accurate dimensions and the planned opening direction. This is important as the openings will play a major role in structural calculations for the building. Your benefit: this will allow you to plan each room with your chosen furnishings. Because floor plans are not just important to prepare for the actual construction of the house, they also provide the framework for planning the interior design. 

Important: If you wish, you can plan your house and draw up the floor plan yourself. To ensure the accuracy of your house building plan and to design a perfect floor plan, an architect will then liaise with a structural engineer to finalise the floor plan draft. The structural engineer needs to calculate and approve the bearing load for the supporting walls. 

Why is it useful to know the floor plan of the house?

House plans and floor plans are essential to design the actual house and the individual living areas including all supply connections. 

Planning the rooms

When drawing up a floor plan for your home, think about the types of rooms you will need. Consider the following rooms, depending on your requirements: 

  • Living room 
  • Dining room 
  • Bedroom 
  • Kitchen 

  • Bathroom 
  • Nursery 
  • Spare room 
  • Study 

  • Hallway 
  • Stairway and stairs 
  • Laundry and drying room 
  • Pantry, storage room or utility room

Depending on whether you are planning a single-family or two-family home, the rooms in the house can be more or less spacious. Maybe you would like to make a long-held dream come true with a sauna or a party room? You can incorporate these wishes if you plan your own property. 

Orientation of the rooms

The orientation of the rooms plays an important role too. For example, bedrooms should face east where possible, as the sun will make it easier to get up in the morning, while the living area should ideally face west or south. You can then enjoy the sun here in the afternoon or evening. Position toilets and side rooms more towards the north when planning your house and drawing up the floor plan. 

Plans to turn lifestyle wishes and dreams into reality

Designing the floor plan

You need to know the house as a home builder to transform individual dreams into reality. Different design approaches are possible when drawing up the floor plan for your house. The most common forms are an L-shaped floor plan and the classic rectangle shape. 

More house planning tips

Classic building plan

If you are drawing up plans for your house yourself, the hallway type plan is one option. This is the classic approach to floor plan design. In this case, the hallway is the centre of the building. The individual rooms are then accessed directly from there. The rooms are separate and offer lots of space for the occupants to spend time alone. 

Open floor plan-building plan

On the other hand, an open floor plan allows relatively flexible design options for living space. This often includes an open-plan kitchen to turn living and dining areas into a large space for the whole family. The bedrooms tend to be smaller in this case, but still allow enough space for quiet moments alone. 

Entrances and barriers

A new house planned with a view to the future evolves with the family over the years. Planning rooms of equal size is one way to ensure long-term flexibility. For example, this would allow a son or daughter to move into the guest room on the ground floor later. A shower in the guest bathroom and a separate entrance to the house would then give them their first taste of independent living. Another option is to consider a granny annexe right from the start of your home design project. 

Large entrance area

Many home builders forget about the hallway when planning their house. But a large entrance area offers many advantages. It provides storage space for jackets, shoes, coats, etc. and even space for a pram. A large entrance area will make your home feel more spacious and will avoid any congestion in the doorway when you leave the house. 

Planning for ageing

When planning your house and drawing up the floor plan, remember to think about your needs as you get older too. An accessible, spacious home provides the foundations for independent living in later life. For example, short access routes to all rooms will be important for the future. Hallways and doors need to be extra-wide. Measure the rooms too, to make sure they allow space for manoeuvring a wheelchair.  

More about accessible construction