Find your ideal house type

Example of a single-family house

A little house in the city or a two-family home in the country with lots of space for the family? To find your ideal house type, you need to consider different aspects. In the end, the decision will come down to what type of house will still make you happy in a few years’ time. We present the different house types. 

What types of houses are there?

If you are planning to build your own home, there are a wide range of house types to choose from. To present a clear overview of the different types of houses, we have categorised them according to construction method, usage, building style and energy consumption. 

1. Categories of property types by construction method

We will start by categorising house types according to different construction methods: 

It is also worth pointing out that prefabricated houses are also available in solid construction forms. This is made possible with prefabricated concrete components. The advantage in comparison with classic construction of a solid house is that building costs can be calculated with far greater precision. 

2. Differentiating house types by usage

Another distinguishing factor in house types is the nature of their use. The most popular house types in Germany include: 

Single-family houses:

If after doing your research, you decide on a single-family house, you are choosing a classic and versatile type of home. Single-family homes are very popular and provide space for one family

Two-family houses:

Building a two-family home is a budget-friendly option as it means that two families share one plot of land and property. The building generally has a shared entrance as this also avoids costs.  The homes under one roof in a two-family house are generally of equal value. The living areas are often one above the other and use of the plot of land is divided equally.

Apartment buildings:

An apartment building consists of three or more separate housing units. You can build your own flat, or order its construction, in an apartment building and the costs for care and maintenance of the building are then shared with the other owners.

Duplex or semi-detached houses:

Like the two-family house, a duplex or semi-detached house also provides space for two families. However, in this case, these are two independent houses joined onto each other. Each of the two semi-detached houses sits on its own plot of land.

Terraced houses:

A terraced house is part of a row of adjoining single-family homes. A row generally consists of houses in the middle and end-terrace houses at either end. 

3. Categories of property types by construction style

The next step is to specify your wishes in more detail. You can choose from a wide range of modern house types, as well as historic styles. Overview of the main house types: 

Architect-designed house

  • Architect-designed houses: If you want to stand out from the crowd and build a special kind of house, then an architect-designed house is an ideal solution. The property can be built in any form. It is a unique house designed completely by an architect according to the client’s wishes.

  • Bungalows: The bungalow house style is usually a single-family home with a slightly sloping or flat roof. A bungalow extends over a single level and has no stairs. This makes it a popular choice for elderly people.

Half-timbered house

  • Cottages: If you like a stylish and rustic look, then a cottage is a good choice. Cottages are often single-family homes. 

  • Half-timbered houses: When we think of half-timbered houses, we tend to imagine old, historic buildings with characteristic exposed beams inside that create a warm and cosy atmosphere. But this doesn’t rule out a modern design. A half-timbered house can also be constructed with modern home automation and large window facades.

As you can see, you have lots of options when it comes to choosing the type of dream home you want to build. As well as the house types described, there are other possibilities too: for example, a Friesian-style house, a Swedish-style house, an American-style house, a Mediterranean-style house or an urban villa. 

4. Categories of house types by energy consumption

Many home-builders place great emphasis on comfort and privacy, but where possible achieved using climate-friendly and energy-saving measures. Different structural measures can be applied to meet legal requirements, such as those in the German Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV). 

Energy classes for a single-family house

A wide variety of house types, in particular new buildings, combining energy-efficient construction and building technology can now be found on the market – these are known as low-energy houses. They include: 

  • KfW Efficiency House 
  • Low-energy house 
  • Zero-energy house 
  • Plus-energy house 
  • Passive house 
  • Eco-house

Efficiency houses are divided according to energy standards. Savings are achieved through ecological selection and optimum combination of components for the houses. 

Perfect house types for large families

Large families often find that a classic single-family house does not provide enough space. For a comfortable lifestyle, larger families need a bigger habitable area. Homes designed for two families or more offer greater living space. In many cases, several generations live in these homes under one roof – in so-called “multi-generational” houses. 

Thinking ahead to ageing

When planning your house, remember to consider your changing needs as you get older and include features that you can later easily adapt to create an accessible home. Or perhaps the bungalow house type mentioned earlier might be an option? A bungalow is a perfect choice if you want everything on the same level and accessibility is important for you. 

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